Fernand Braudel foi um historiador francês e um dos mais importantes representantes da chamada "escola dos Annales", movimento historiográfico do século XX que incorporava métodos das Ciências Sociais à História. Braudel tem sido considerado um dos maiores historiadores modernos que têm enfatizado o papel dos fatores socioeconómicos em grande escala na pesquisa e escrita da História.
The historian Fernand Braudel lived through a great human and intellectual transformation when he was in Brazil between 1935 and 1937, teaching at the newly created University of São Paulo. He joined the so-called French mission responsible for setting up the then Faculty of Philosophy, Sciences and Letters. The significance of Brazil Braudel's life and thought is the theme of a book by Luís Corrêa Lima, who analyzes great historian 's work on Brazil and presents excerpts from Braudel's unfinished manuscript on the history of Brazil in the 16th century.
While Braudel was in a Nazi prison during World War II, he continued his work, analyzed the work of Gilberto Freyre, and wrote this unpublished essay on Brazil. Corrêa Lima presents systematically about why Braudel came to Brazil, his work in the University and in the country, the friendships he has made here among the members of São Paulo's elite, Brazilian writers and intellectuals with whom he had been in contact, and his interest in our history.